Hi to everybody.

Thank you for joining me in this historically proficient community.

I'd like to start a 16th century project with my reenactment association www.ascamaltea.org.

Could anyone of you help me in finding Landsknecht black powder charges and proper charges for a arquebuser?

Best regards.


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This i have found. First half of the 16. century. (?)

And these two images.

Do you mean the amount of black powder in a charge or the Apostle vials containing a charge?

Since caliber, barrel quality, barrel length, and powder quality varied so wildly in the 16th century I doubt that there was a standard charge.  Gustavus Adolphus seems to have made some attempts to standardize lead balls and powder charges in the 17th century. 

The old tried and true muzzle loader trick to determine your particular matchlock's maximum useful powder charge is to start with 1.5 times your calibre in grains of black powder laying your gun in the snow with the butt against an old tire.  You want to back the powder quantity down (or up) to just less than you would find any unburnt powder in the snow.  More is wasted and potentially unsafe. 

Most reenacting that I have done limited us to 1.5xcalibre in grains of black powder for blanks. 

Although opinions and black powder quality vary, generally use FFFg in .50 calibre and smaller and FFg in larger.  Larger .54 and .58 rifles might still prefer FFFg. 

Hi Karl,

Thank you for your answer. I mean if you can advice me a manufacturer or website I can find charges "apostles" as in 17th century to contain black powder, historically correct for a Landsknecht arquebuser.

Ah.  Mine came from Sykes Sutlery:  http://www.sykesutler.com/musket2.htm  The 002 look a bit more correct for Landsknecht than mine though.   Call them before sending money to make sure that they have things in stock. 

I am not aware of anyone selling copper Apostles (most Landsknecht Apostles look like copper to me).  Are you any good at soldering? 

Landsknecht Apostles should be even simpler since they look like straight tubes.  Some are depicted as "white" which could be bone or tin? 

What calibre matchlock do you have? 

Unfortunately I'm not good at soldering..

I think Landsknecht charges, or apostles, to be clear are made of wood and half sized compared to 17th century apostles.

Bandoleer has 7 -8 charges. I'd like to ask to site owner you kindly gave me, if they could be able to produce a 16th century bandoleer, according to paintings.

My arquebuse is 18mm caliber built as shown in Battle of Pavia's tapestries.

My arquebuse is 18mm caliber built as shown in Battle of Pavia's tapestries.


Nice.  .75 calibre to make it easier for me to think about.   I load 100-110gr blank charges for my .75 musket. 

I am not good at soldering either. 

I suspect, but know of no surviving examples, that the Landsknecht Apostles were smaller since they were metal, or maybe bone so did not need to be as thick as wood Apostles. 

I do not know these people but their Apostles are on sale:  http://www.medieval-fightclub.com/products/Apostle-for-Black-powder...

The bandoleers are simply leather straps. 

It's strange that any muskets equipment artisant/seller doesn't have any Landsknecht bandoleer and wood/copper in stock.

Thank you Paul,

Don't you think that those apostles are more 17th century style, instead of those ones in Battle of Pavia tapestries?

Yes, that's right. For the 16th century, I do not know any manufacturer. Maybe you can build or modify something from these.

Do you know a carpenter / joiner working with wood?
The certainly has the right tools to build something like this.



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